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MARRAKESH AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

[日期:2006-06-11] 来源:fun88.com  作者:fun88网址, [字体: ]
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                             MARRAKESH AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING THE

                                           WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

 

 

       The Parties to this Agreement,

 

       Recognizing that their relations in the field of trade and economic endeavour should be con­ducted with a view to raising standards of living, ensuring full employment and a large and steadily growing volume of real income and effective demand, and expanding the production of and trade in goods and services, while allowing for the optimal use of the world’s resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development, seeking both to protect and preserve the environment and to enhance the means for doing so in a manner consistent with their respective needs and concerns at different levels of economic development,

 

       Recognizing further that there is need for positive efforts designed to ensure that developing countries, and especially the least devel­oped among them, secure a share in the growth in international trade commensurate with the needs of their econo­mic development,

 

       Being desirous of contributing to these ob­jectives by entering into reciprocal and mutually advantageous arrangements directed to the substan­tial reduction of tariffs and other barriers to trade and to the elimination of discriminatory treatment in international trade relations,

 

       Resolved, therefore, to develop an integrated, more viable and durable multilateral trading system encompassing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the results of past trade liberalization ef­forts,  and all of the results of the Uruguay Round of Mul­tilateral Trade Negotiations,

 

       Determined to preserve the basic prin­ciples and to further the objectives underlying this multilateral trading sys­tem,

 

       Agree as follows:

 

 

                                                                     Article I

 

                                                 Establishment of the Organization

 

       The World Trade Organization (herein­after referred to as “the WTO”) is hereby established.

 

 

                                                                    Article II

 

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